Electrical Engineering : Areas of Work of an Electrical Engineer

August 5, 2011 at 11:16 am (Jobs) (, , )

Electrical engineering is the study and application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. It must not be confused with electronic engineering, which deals with smaller electronic systems like mobile phones, computers, laptops etc. Electrical engineering is usually large scale electrical work such as transmission of power and energy, telecommunications etc.  Relatively, electrical engineering is still a new field, since commercial interest in electricity developed only in the 19th century.

An electrical engineer must complete at least four years of college studying basic topics such as physics, mathematics, and disciplines of electrical engineering such as control systems, signal processing, power transmission to name a few. Some chose to pursue a two years Master’s course in Engineering, wherein they learn about project management and undertake a small research project for the completion of the degree. After that Recruitment of Electrical Engineers is not a very tough task as Campus recruitment still account for a bulk of our placement system in Engineering colleges.

Post education, Electrical engineers work in or across the following disciplines of the field.

  • Electronics: involves the making electronic circuits to carry out a specific function. With increasing technological advancements, electronics moved to integrated circuits which allow highly efficient and compact devices. This has resulted in growth of consumer demand for electronic gadgets as we see them today.
  • Instrumentation: is where physics learnt during engineering is applied. Engineers design devices that mean quantities such as force, temperature, pressure etc. and these devices are installed on appliances such as space shuttles, aerial vehicles, automobiles etc.
  • Control engineering: is the development of a system to monitor and respond to various parameters for a device such that the device acts in a preferred manner. Applications of controlled engineering are auto-pilots on aircrafts and cruise control in cars. Control engineering paves way for automation across different industries helps us make smarter systems.
  • Power engineering: involves the activities related to electricity such as generation at power plants and transmission and distributions to the length and breadth of the country.  Engineers working in this area usually work with power manufacturers and deal with issues such as providing power and drawing power from the national grid. Be it Steam turbine generator or nuclear power plant an electrical engineer needs to be there.
  • Power electronics: deals with converting the forms of electricity such as current, voltage etc. This allows us to use the same source of electricity for different applications such as charging mobile phones, inverters, rectification for DC devices etc.

A few electrical engineers also take up doctorates in the field to research and develop newer technologies and enter academia.

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